American InterContinental University – Bachelor’s (BSCJ) – Law Enforcement
Kaplan University – BSCJ – Law Enforcement
Post University – B.S. in Criminal Justice / Law Enforcement
Grand Canyon University – M.S. in Criminal Justice: Law Enforcement
University of St. Thomas – Master of Arts in Public Safety and Law Enforcement Leadership
University of the Southwest – MBA – Law Enforcement & Corrections
Local Law Enforcement
Local law enforcement generally involves working for a police or sheriff’s department and can offer good entry-level positions both for people with high school diplomas and those with a college education in criminal justice. Both can step into a patrol position after some academy training and for people with a bachelor’s degree who hope to go on to work at the state or federal level, local law enforcement can provide valuable experience. Duties vary a great deal depending on the size of the city or county and can include everything from patrolling and giving traffic tickets to crime scene investigation.
Working in local law enforcement also involves writing reports and testifying in court. Officers work irregular hours doing shift work and may be on call sometimes. The work can be dangerous and stressful. The median annual wage for police or sheriff’s officers is around $53,000.
Individuals looking to work in the field of criminal justice administration can expect to perform a variety of job duties as a police officer on the local law enforcement level. The minimum requirements to be employed as a police officer is a high school diploma and completion of a certified peace officer course. Some departments may require a bachelor’s degree.
Police officers enforce local, state and federal laws within their jurisdiction. They patrol their areas, respond to emergency calls and investigate a variety of different crimes. Individuals seeking a career in administration can enter the field of investigations, traffic patrol, K-9, vice and more.
Criminal Justice Administration Salary
The average salary for an individual working in criminal justice administration was $56,000 in 2011. This salary can vary depending on jurisdiction, rank and specific section of the department in which the individual works.
Animal Cruelty Investigator
The pet and other animal population in the U.S. is constantly on the rise, increasing the need for the protection of animal rights. Unfortunately, animal cruelty is a constant problem across the country and trained workers are needed to decrease the amount of case. Animal cruelty investigators are professionals who strive to identify animal abuse cases and hold suspects accountable.
Duties and Work Environment
Animal cruelty investigators conduct research and respond to concerns or reports of the mistreatment of animals. Many animal cruelty investigators work for animal shelters and others work for local law enforcement agencies. Depending on employer and position, some animal cruelty investigators are armed.
Education and Training
Prospective animal cruelty investigators commonly complete courses in criminal justice, sociology, and psychology, and some colleges and universities offer courses on animal cruelty investigation. Animal cruelty investigators should have previous experience working with animals and a working knowledge of the laws related to animals.
The average pay for animal cruelty investigators is around $31,000 per year.
Community Liaison Officer
A community liaison officer is a public liaison that is trained to communicate with many different types of community organizations. He or she organizes meetings on many different aspects, such as crime and health conditions. He or she strives to make the community a better place by educating citizens on relevant issues that affect their area. A community liaison officer commonly works for community groups, police departments, and federal organizations.
A community liaison officer who works for a law enforcement organization is a sworn police officer who promotes educational, security, crisis prevention, and employment programs. He or she typically acts as an intermediary between law enforcement professionals and civilians of the community.
In general, cities and related areas have varying job requirements for a community liaison officer. For most positions, aspiring individuals must have a high school diploma and background in criminal justice.
The average pay for community liaison officers is around $74,000 yearly.
Compliance officers who work for local law enforcement agencies to maintain close relationships with companies located within their jurisdiction. These compliance officers can hold a variety of different positions to oversee different areas of compliance; including the safety, legal, health and financial sections.
Compliance officers are also heavily involved in risk management and ensuring that each company complies with a variety of local, state and federal laws pertaining to business practices. Individuals who are seeking employment as compliance officers need to complete a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, business or law.
Compliance Officer Salary
Compliance officer salaries can range greatly depending on what area of expertise they work in. In 2010, the average salary for a compliance officer was $63,000. Entry-level employees can expect to make between $34,000 and $40,000 per year, while those with extensive experience can make in excess of $100,000 per year.
The law enforcement field employs a large range of professionals to ensure effective upholding of laws and to prevent and deter crime. Constables are licensed officers who primarily work to maintain the peace in communities. They perform duties in accordance with local and state laws. They commonly deliver civil papers, including subpoenas, citations, restraining orders, and summons. They also restrain individuals who have warrants out for their arrest. Constables commonly transport inmates from correctional facilities to courts. Some constables act as bailiffs for the Justice of the Peace.
The specific requirements for constables vary from state to state, but some states require constables to become certified as peace officers. To become certified, individuals must complete courses at a postsecondary institution, at least two years of law enforcement experience, and receive a passing score on a certification examination.
The average wage for constables is $36,000 each year.
Law enforcement is a crucial part of the criminal justice field and in many areas the county sheriff is regarded as the most observable authority. Voters elect county sheriffs and they manage the law enforcement activities in their designated county area that does not have separate police departments.
County sheriffs supervise and delegate tasks to deputies and other police staff. They take charge in the field when needed. They are also responsible for administrative tasks and the implementation of programs that prevent crime in their areas. Since they are appointed by voters, county sheriffs are responsible for answering to the citizens of the county. They also handle press relationships and sometimes ask members of the media to ride along for some cases.
County sheriffs must be U.S. citizens and at least 21 years old. Some complete formal training programs in criminal justice or other related area.
The average yearly pay for county sheriffs is around $46,000.
County Sheriff’s Deputy
A sheriff’s deputy is a law enforcement officer who works at the county level in the local sheriff’s office. A deputy might perform any number of duties depending on the size of the county and the county crime rate. In some sheriff’s departments, the primary duty of deputies is to run the jails and act as bailiff or other security in county courts. In other sheriff’s department, the duties are roughly the same as those of law enforcement in city police departments. Deputies may issue arrest warrants, investigate crimes and handle traffic flow around accidents among other duties.
Salaries for deputies can range from around $27,000 to upwards of $80,000 depending on location. The median wage is around $53,000 annually, but the salary varies greatly from state to state with California, Alaska and New Jersey among the highest paying.
Crime Lab Analyst
In today’s society, crime is a major issue, and trained professionals are needed to analyze evidence found at crime scenes. Crime lab analysts are experts in forensic science, and they work in laboratory environments to examine many different types of physical evidence. They commonly evaluate samples of DNA, clothing fibers, toxicology, and firearms. They also perform forensic autopsies and process fingerprints. They use their knowledge of biochemistry, biology, and other sciences to develop conclusions regarding the evidence. They also use a variety of analytical techniques and specialized tools. Crime lab analysts work to help identify suspects of criminal activity, and they are often required to testify in court proceedings.
Crime lab analysts usually need at least a bachelor’s degree in forensic science, biochemistry, or other related area. Many individuals gain practical experience at crime laboratories or other similar facilities.
The average wage for crime lab analysts in the U.S. is around $54,000 annually.
Crime Lab Tech
The field of forensics is an essential part of solving many different types of crimes, and specially trained individuals are required to perform laboratory analysis tasks. A crime lab technician assists investigators with solving crimes by gathering evidence from crime scenes and examining it in a laboratory setting. This type of lab technician uses a variety of tools to conduct tests on evidence, such as microscopes, chemicals, and specialized instruments. Many crime lab techs specialize in a certain area, such as fingerprints, DNA, bodily fluids, fibers, and explosives.
Crime lab technicians typically need an associate or bachelor’s degree in forensic science, chemistry, biology, or related area. These individuals commonly complete courses in various areas of science and criminal justice. Courses often include biochemistry, toxicology, criminalistics, and crime laboratory procedures. Majority of programs require students to complete internship experiences in crime laboratories or related environments.
The average annual salary for crime lab technicians is around $36,000.
Crime Prevention Specialist
When working for a local law enforcement agency, a crime prevention specialist administers a variety of crime prevention programs, assists with both residential and commercial security systems inspections and spends a large amount of time educating the public about ways to prevent crime within their community.
Many who wish to gain employment in the criminal justice system as a crime prevention specialist are not required to have a bachelor’s degree. Most agencies require that applicants have an associates degree in a related field.
Crime Prevention Specialist Salary
The crime prevention specialist salary can vary depending on qualifications, location and time employed with their department.
In 2011, salaries ranged from $32,000 to $48,000 for an entry-level specialist. Those with more years of experience can be paid in excess of $60,000 per year.
Crime Scene Investigation
Crime scene investigators perform a variety of important job duties that help local law enforcement agencies solve crimes. They collect evidence from crime scenes, transport it to the lab and perform extensive analysis. Individuals seeking careers as crime scene investigators normally have bachelor’s degrees in forensic science or a related field.
Some of the material that may be collected as part of an investigation include ballistics, DNA, thumbprints and a variety of types of liquid. Crime scene investigators often work exclusively in special areas; including ballistics, chemistry, handwriting and fingerprinting.
Crime Scene Investigator Salary
Entry-level crime scene investigators made an average of $34,000 in 2011. The average national salary for that same year was $58,000, but many individuals who have extensive experience in this field can command salaries in excess of $100,000 per year.
Criminalists are professionals that examine the evidence found at the scene of crimes. They use their knowledge of science to interpret facts of a crime scene and attempt to draw conclusions and identify suspects. The gather and identify evidence and perform various to assist with investigations. Criminalists also act as expert witnesses in court proceedings, and they provide information on their forensic analysis. A lot of criminalists specialize in a certain area, such as handwriting evaluation, biochemistry, or fingerprinting.
Criminalists must have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in forensic science, biology, physics, or related field. They commonly complete courses in statistics, pharmacology, biology, chemistry, and physics. Many programs also include computer courses and advanced mathematics courses.
Criminalists should have detail orientation to provide thorough analysis on various types of evidence. They should enjoy science and mathematics and have the ability to work independently. They should also be comfortable working with unfavorable crime scenes.
The average yearly pay for criminalists is approximately $55,000.
The main duties of a cybercrime officer is to investigate crimes that primarily deal with the internet and computer forensics. Some of the major areas of investigation include child pornography, cyber security, fraud, drug trafficking and hacking. Many times, cybercrime officers who are employed on a local level investigate crimes in conjunction with federal cyber forensics teams.
Individuals who are seeking a career as a cybercrime officer obtain degrees in computer science or a related field. Many colleges offer computer forensic degrees specifically for this purpose.
Cybercrime Officer Salaries
The average salary for a cybercrime officer in 2010 was $55,000. Entry-level officers often make much less while experienced cybercrime officers can command salaries in excess of $80,000 per year. Time employed with their specific departments can also have a huge affect on the amount they make.
The Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) is an organization that handles the protection and conservation of the nation’s natural resources. Many states have their own departments for their state resources. The department commonly deals with the regulation of state forest lands, wildlife management, and recreational activities, like fishing, trapping, and hunting. A DEC officer, also called an environmental conservation officer, is a sworn police officer who is responsible for enforcing environmental and conservation laws. They look into complaints to determine criminal activity and violations. They also meet with community groups to promote obedience of the laws. Most officers are required to carry firearms.
DEC officers generally need at least a bachelor’s degree or an associate degree with related work experience. New hires are also required to attend a training academy that focuses on police skills and environmental law enforcement.
The average yearly salary for DEC officers is around $45,000.
To become a detective, a person will need to go through a great deal of training. Much of this training is completed through hands-on experience, such as internships, while the other portion is earned by earning a formal education. In addition, a person has to pass certain licensing exams.
When earning a formal education, detectives will benefit most from completing some type of criminal justice degree program. Many times, detectives start out as traditional police officers working in investigations and then work their way up to a detective position. While it can be frustrating to start out in a lower position, people wanting to become a detective need to remember that any type of law enforcement experience is extremely valuable in this line of work.
Detectives tend to make about $54,000 a year; however, some make as much as $93,000.
Evidence technicians are most commonly referred to as evidence techs. They spend their time working for law enforcement agencies helping to collect and analyze physical evidence that is found at crime scenes. Most times, evidence techs work alongside investigators in an attempt to gather fingerprints, footprints and other types of evidence. To properly carry out the duties of an evidence tech, a person must follow a long list of protocols.
Becoming an evidence technician requires a person to obtain a college-level degree from an accredited college. For the most part, evidence techs must possess at least a bachelor’s degree. Many people start out as police officers or researchers before entering into this line of work. Most employers of evidence technicians require candidates to have a clean criminal record as well as to pass random drug tests.
The average salary of an evidence technician is about $47,000 a year.
Fish and Game Warden
In the U.S. economy, wildlife jobs are essential to protect the overall well-being of natural resources and animals. Fish and game wardens are law enforcement professionals who work in a certain geographic area, and they ensure the laws and regulations are followed in that location. They regulate fishing and hunting, prevent pollution, and apprehend individuals committing criminal activity. Fish and game wardens work for both the local and state government, and they are sworn peace officers.
Education and Training
To become a fish and game warden, many departments require a minimum of two years of college coursework in areas like biology, criminal justice, and environment. Applicants must pass a qualifying examination to assess physical ability and knowledge of fish and game topics. Individuals must then complete training programs.
The median yearly wage for fish and game wardens is around $48,000, with the top 10 percent earning more than $70,000 per year and the lowest 10 percent making under $32,000 a year.
K-9 officers spend their time upholding laws with the assistance of trained K-9 dogs. For the most part, the K-9 dogs use their noses, eyes and ears to detect the presence of illegal substances. In some instances, the dogs are used to search out human beings who have fled on foot from police; however, most times, when searching for people the dogs are used to search for humans that are lost or trapped.
There are many agencies that employ K-9 officers, including a wide range of police departments. In addition, K-9 officers can find employment through federal agencies, including the FBI. Many K-9 officers can find employment at airports in which they work to detect any illegal items that passengers may try to get onboard a plane.
K-9 officers tend to make about $57,500 a year.
Motorcycle Police Officer
Motorcycle officers are police officers who conduct their job duties while riding on motorcycles. Their primary duty is enforcing traffic laws and responding to traffic complaints. They commonly patrol high traffic areas, such as busy highways and roadways. They work to reduce accidents and stop drivers who are speeding or driving recklessly. Motorcycle officers also control traffic for special effects, and they provide police escorts as needed. Sometimes these officers respond to calls requiring backup. Due to their increased mobility, motorcycle officers are commonly the first responders to shootings, robberies, and fires. These officers are assigned their motorcycles and they keep them at their residences.
Motorcycle officers must complete comprehensive training, including police motorcycle operator training and obstacle course training. These officers must also receive recertification on a quarterly basis.
The average yearly wage for motorcycle officers in the U.S. is around $41,000. Exact salary varies on many different factors, like experience, location, and department.
Mounted Police Officer
Mounted police officers are law enforcement professionals who complete their duties on horseback. They patrol certain areas to maintain public safety and make sure laws are followed. They commonly provide crowd control, traffic control, and assist in the pursuit of individuals suspected of criminal activity. They use their horses to initiate interaction with members of the public.
Mounted police officers must complete regular police officer training, including six months at a police academy. Many prospective officers complete a degree in criminal justice or related area. After a three-year probationary period, individuals can become mounted officers. These professionals must then complete additional training, such as riding lessons, training clinics, and search and rescue tactics.
Job Outlook and Salary
From 2008 to 2018, the demand for police officers is projected to grow at an average rate. Competition for mounted police officer positions is expected due to limited opportunities and heightened interest in the area. The average pay for mounted police officers is around $41,000 a year.
Peace officers are usually granted certain powers so that they can keep the peace within the jurisdictions that they are in charge of. Most peace officers are legally able to arrest people who are breaking the law. To become this type of officer, a person needs have a clean criminal record as well as be physically fit in addition to having a long list of good references.
In some regions, peace officers are most commonly referred to as police officers, probation officers, wardens, prison guards or sheriffs. Sometimes, peace officers are granted permission to carry a weapon such as a semiautomatic pistol. To make themselves identifiable, peace officers usually wear some type of distinctive uniform; however, if working undercover, a peace officer may wear normal clothing attire.
The average salary of a peace officer is about $54,000 a year.
Police officers spend their time enforcing prevailing laws, doing their best to prevent crimes from taking place and looking out for the best interest of the communities that they work in. Since there are different types of crimes that occur on a daily basis, the exact duties that police officers perform vary. Some officers are commonly referred to as beat cops, meaning they patrol a certain area day in and day out. Others may specialize in bomb disposal, helping disarm an assortment of explosive devices.
Becoming a Police Officer
To become a police officer, it is beneficial to earn at least an associate’s degree from an accredited college. In addition, a person will have to complete some type of police training academy. After becoming a police officer, a person will have a variety of employment opportunities. The average salary of a police officer depends on his or her place of employment; however, for the most part, police officers make about $35,000 a year.
Public Safety Officer
Public safety officers may have an assortment of tasks that they carry out, but their main responsibility is to protect and serve the communities that they work in. These types of officers can find employment through a number of employers, including government agencies and local organizations. Many times, public safety officers have some type of law enforcement experience as well as some type of cross-training as first responders.
Becoming a Public Safety Officer
To become a public safety officer, a person will need at least a high school diploma or something to its equivalency. In addition, it is valuable to possess a college degree. Most employers of public safety officers will require a job candidate to pass a physical examination as well as undergo certain types of psychological testing. Furthermore, public safety officers must pass random drug tests.
The average salary of public safety officers is usually somewhere around $39,000 a year.
A victim’s advocate provides support services to people who are victims of crime. The services provided range from legal assistance to psychological and emotional support. Most people who become a victim’s advocate have some type of background in social services or a related field. People who are interested in becoming this type of advocate need to be aware that this line of work will require them to work with people who have been victims of traumatic crimes and circumstances.
Employment as a victim’s advocate can usually be secured through some type of government agency or a non-profit entity. For the most part, victim’s advocates help victims find shelter and food; however, it is not uncommon for them to provide different types of emotional support, including referrals to counselors and psychologists.
The average salary of a victim’s advocate is usually about $53,000 a year.
State Law Enforcement
Individuals who are employed with a state law enforcement agency perform a variety of duties. They patrol highways and back roads within their state, investigate crimes committed in their jurisdiction and assist with the prosecution in court.
A state law enforcement employee may also report to the scene of an accident to assist motorists and determine who was at fault. They issue traffic citations, make arrests and transport prisoners to jail.
Many state law enforcement agencies do not require new hires to have a college degree; however, a background in criminal justice could be very helpful.
State Law Enforcement Salaries
Individuals who held law enforcement jobs in 2010 made an average of $48,000. This number varied depending on the organization with which the employee was with and the terms of their union contract.
An employee’s salary may be higher if they have completed college coursework or can speak multiple languages.
In the criminal justice field, there are various law enforcement jobs, including administrator positions. Administrative positions deal with many different aspects, including investigations, security, and corrections. Police administrators are responsible for answering telephone calls from citizens and gathering information for initial investigations. They run keyboard data devices and check outstanding warrants or tickets on individuals. Police administrators also explain laws and law enforcement procedures and prepare many different types of reports and documents, such as arrest and search warrants.
Police administrators must have at least a high school diploma or equivalent and many complete police academy training like other law enforcement professionals. Many individuals complete college education in criminal justice or law enforcement to gain a competitive edge in the field.
The average yearly pay for police administrators is around $46,000 per year, but actual salaries differ on many aspects, including location, education, and benefits.
Compliance officers work in different fields, so before you start your career path in this occupation, you will first need to decide which field you want to work in. Most employers prefer that their compliance officers hold a bachelor’s degree and go through some type of compliance training; however, some mandate a master’s degree as well. In addition, to land this type of job, you will need experience working in your chosen field.
If you do not enjoy handling complaints, do not become a compliance officer. The two main tasks that compliance officers perform are investigating complaints and carrying out inspections. Understanding the basics of this job is crucial in being successful in this line of work. During your educational studies, you will learn the ins-and-outs of being a compliance officer. When seeking a position as this type of officer in the field of law enforcement, you will best benefit from earning a degree in criminal justice.
Crime Lab Analyst
If you are interested in becoming a crime lab analyst, you will first have to obtain a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college. Most employers will prefer a degree in forensic science. Even though you can enter into this profession with a bachelor’s degree, it is more valuable to earn a master’s because this type of degree will broaden your employment opportunities.
In addition to your science and forensic courses, you will need to take different types of criminal justice courses, including ones related to law enforcement. You will need to study ballistics, guns, how to analyze tire tracks and much more.
In this line of work, you will need a clean criminal record. Many times, people who enter this line of work start out by becoming a police officer. Doing this can help you obtain much experience in relation to the law enforcement industry which will prove to be very beneficial in your occupation as a crime lab analyst.
Crime Lab Technician
If you have a desire to become a crime lab technician, you will first need to choose your forensic specialization. For example, you can specialize in ballistics or toxicology. If you are not exactly for sure what your area of specialization will be, there is no need to fret; however, knowing your specialization will help you complete your training in as little amount of time as possible.
You must obtain a degree from an accredited college in either forensic science or some type of related field. You will need either a bachelor’s or master’s degree, but most employers will prefer the latter. Make sure that in addition to your science courses, you take plenty of criminal justice courses. In fact, you may want to do a double major.
During your final year of studies, take part in an internship. This will give you valuable hands-on experience, and it also helps you get your foot in the door with employers.
Crime Prevention Expert
Crime prevention experts are professionals in the law enforcement field who work to prevent various types of criminal activity. They evaluate statistics of past crimes to predict the likelihood of future incidences. They also use the information to create equipment and procedures to prevent crime. Crime prevention experts are employed by both public and private organizations.
Training and Experience
For most employers the minimum education to become a crime prevention specialist is an associate degree in criminal justice or related field. Many crime prevention experts have previous experience as law enforcement officers. Some individuals gain the National Crime Prevention Specialist designation.
As many areas seek ways to reduce the incidence of crime, crime prevention experts will be in higher demand.
The average salary for crime prevention experts is around $58,000 annually. The actual pay for these professionals depends on many different factors, like geographic area, education, experience, and employer.
Crime Scene Investigator
Professionals who spend their time analyzing evidence that is found at crime scenes are known as crime scene investigators. There are two goals behind the job a crime scene investigator: to figure out how and why a crime was committed and to present evidence to the courts when trying to obtain a conviction for a crime.
To become this type of professional, you will need to obtain a master’s degree from an accredited college. The coursework you will complete usually covers an assortment of topics, including psychology, fraud investigation, crime scene investigation, law enforcement, crime analysis and private security. During your high school years, you will benefit from taking courses in biology and chemistry.
Some schools will require you to take part in an internship before graduating as a crime scene investigator. This internship will provide you with very valuable hands-on learning experience which will make you marketable to employers.
To become a criminalist, you will need at least a bachelor’s degree in any of the following fields:
– Forensic science
Depending on the program that you enter into, you may be able to obtain a degree in some type of related field. It is important to note that earning of a bachelor’s degree is required before you can begin your career path as a criminalist. While earning your degree, make sure you take lots of courses in chemistry and math as this will help you in this line of work.
After you have earned your degree, you will then have to take an exam that is administered by the American Board of Criminalists. The exam is extremely difficult; however, you must successfully pass it to become certified, and certification is required to become a criminalist.
The incidence of computer crimes is rising at an alarming rate, and cybercrime officers investigate cases to catch the individuals responsible for the crimes. They investigate a variety of incidences, including fraud, online stalking, and computer hacking.
Like other police officers, cybercrime officers must have at least a high school diploma or equivalent and be at least 21 years old. Many aspiring cybercrime officers complete associate or bachelor’s degree programs in criminal justice or related area with supporting courses in computer crime, computer science, and forensic crime. Cybercrime officers must complete police academy training as well as additional training in cybercrime. Many police departments offer workshops for police officers wanting to investigate cybercrime cases. This training covers topics like hacking, new cyber threats, computer forensics, and response to computer crime.
Similar to other police officers, cybercrime officers earn an average of around $55,000 per year.
A DEC officer is a law enforcement professional who is concerned with environmental protection and conservation. They strive to protect the surrounding environment of the area they live in, such as natural resources and wildlife. They report the conditions of wildlife and habitats and provide recommendations of hunting seasons. They also monitor areas to prevent illegal hunting of animals and violation of laws. DEC officers that live in large, urban areas handle larger issues, like pollution and the proper disposal of chemical waste.
Required Education and Training
Aspiring DEC officers commonly major in a field that focuses on environment, like wildlife resources, conservation, fish and wildlife management, or other related area. Many organizations require new DEC officers to complete training programs and become peace officers. Additionally, DEC officers must be in good physical shape and have great communication abilities.
The average yearly pay for DEC officers is around $58,000.
Detectives are law enforcement professionals who look into and solve criminal activity. They use innovative methods and equipment to assist with their investigation. They observe the actions of possible suspects, look into sources of information, and help in detaining individuals. Many detectives work undercover to solve cases, some dress in regular clothes and others even wear disguises. Undercover detectives visit locations a suspect is known to go to gather information regarding activities. Many detectives work for police departments and others work for private organizations or individuals.
In general, detectives are required to possess at least a high school diploma or equivalent. A lot of employers prefer detectives who have some college coursework in criminal justice, law, or related areas.
The average yearly wage for detectives in the U.S. is around $39,000. Salaries for detectives differ according to many different aspects, like location, experience, and job performance.
Evidence technicians handle the cataloging, classification, and documentation of various types of evidence. They commonly work in warehouses, handling various types of evidence that were obtained from crime scenes. The types of evidence include fingerprints, hair samples, clothing fibers, and bodily fluids. Evidence technicians are responsible for the integrity and security of the items.
To become an evidence technician, individuals must have at least a high school diploma. Many employers prefer candidates who have a bachelor’s degree in chemistry, physics, or other related area. Many aspiring evidence technicians complete courses in criminal justice, forensic science, and crime scene investigation. Many related programs include internships or apprenticeships to enable students to gain practical experience.
Evidence technicians should have the ability to collect evidence, take photographs, and compose reports. They must also be able to keep detailed records.
The average salary for evidence technicians is around $52,000 per year.
Fish and Game Warden
To become a fish and game warden, you will first want to obtain a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution. In addition, you will also have to take part in on-the-job training. While in college, you will find it beneficial to take part in an internship, as this helps you obtain on-the-job training, and because it is many times mandated by employers.
Before you decide to pursue this type of career, you should understand the working conditions found in this occupation. Fish and game wardens oftentimes spend their time working in adverse conditions, including in treacherous weather conditions. Sometimes, wardens are also in charge of seizing illegal contraband. For the most part, wardens work outside, on either morning, evening or weekend shifts. To patrol different areas, wardens may walk by foot, drive boats, ride horses, drive cars or even fly planes.
Highway Patrol Officer
Highway patrol officers are state law enforcement professionals who patrol state highways to enforce traffic laws, provide assistance in accidents, and detain individuals who commit criminal activity. They are primarily concerned with the safety of the general public on state highways. Like other police officers, highway patrol officers complete police reports and attend police training classes.
Nearly all states require highway patrol officers to have the equivalent of a high school diploma. Some law enforcement agencies prefer those who have complete some college coursework, such as criminal justice or law enforcement. Some police departments require highway patrol officers to first work as local police officers. Many highway patrol officers receive additional training to complete specialized duties, like instructing new police officers on how to detect drivers who are under the influence of alcohol and drugs.
In the U.S., the average annual wage for highway patrol officers is around $37,000.
Information Security Officer
Information security officers are important professionals in today’s modern world. They protect various types of sensitive information on computers and other electronic devices, from credit card numbers to vital government data. They monitor computers and networks to look out from unauthorized access, leaks of information, and attacks.
Training and Education
Information security officers commonly need at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science or information technology. Many employers prefer candidates who have previous experience in information security. Additionally, some individuals complete certifications in computer hardware or software to gain a competitive edge in the field.
With the constant advancement of technology and the importance of safeguarding digital information, information security officers will likely have an excellent job outlook. The projected growth by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics is must faster than average over the next 10 years.
The average pay for information security officers is around $57,000 annually, but exact wages depend on various factors, like location, employer, and job performance.
K-9 units are essential parts of many police departments around the country. These units use specially trained dogs to assist in solving crimes. K-9 officers handle duties similar to other police officers, including looking into criminal activity, catching and questioning criminals, and composing reports and other paperwork. They also train and care for dogs that are appointed to assist with police duties. The specific tasks vary by type of dog and training. For example, dogs who are trained to smell drugs or explosives help officers investigate illegal substances and potentially dangerous devices.
Most police departments require K-9 officers to have at least a high school diploma or equivalent. Many organizations prefer candidates with some college courses in criminal justice or related area. Upon employment, K-9 officers must complete police academy training.
The average yearly wage for K-9 officers is around $58,000. Exact pay differs significantly on location, employer, and experience.
Motorcycle Police Officer
Police motorcycle training is quite a bit different than the training involved with becoming a traditional officer. For starters, motorcycle police have to learn how to ride a motorcycle in different types of adverse conditions as well as how to shoot a weapon when riding.
During training, motorcycle officers learn about safe riding, the basics of motorcycle maintenance and much more. The first thing officers learn is how to properly pick up a bike if it was to fall over.
Also during training, motorcycle officers learn how to do different maneuvers when riding at high speeds. These maneuvers are taught in a controlled setting. In addition to taking part in training, a motorcycle officer will need to have a clean criminal background, be able to pass drug tests and be in a great physical shape.
Mounted Police Officer
To become a mounted police officer, you will have to undergo different types of training. For starters, you will have to learn how to ride a horse. You must be able to bond with horses as well as learn how to ride them in adverse conditions. In an essence, your horse will become your professional partner. In this line of work, you must be able to understand how your horse will react in different situations.
In addition to learning how to ride a horse, you also have to learn how to be a police officer. To do this, you will have to go through academy training, including physical fitness assessments. Furthermore, you will have to learn how to use a gun and different types of weapons. You will also need a clean criminal record to become a mounted police officer.
If you have a passion for being outdoors and have a desire to work in the field of law enforcement, consider becoming a park ranger. Before becoming this type of ranger, you need to decide the type of job position you want to fulfill. If you want to work in the campgrounds of a state or national park, the requirements to become this type of ranger will of course be different than those of rangers who work patrol the parks.
For the most part, park rangers need a bachelor’s degree from an accredited school with a major in geology, criminal justice biology or some type of related field. Many times, park rangers must also be certified in CPR and first aid. After you obtain a degree, you will then need to gain experience working in a state or national park. Many times, rangers have to obtain at least two to three years of experience working a seasonal job before being hired on full-time.
State Police Officer
To become a state police officer, you will first need to by physically fit. You will need to have the stamina and strength that it takes to work long hours, chase after criminals and much more. Being physically fit is not a simple recommendation, it is mandated, and you will be required to pass a physical fitness test.
Next, you need to obtain a copy of your criminal background. If you have any type of criminal background, chances are, you will be disqualified from being able to become a state police officer.
Most states require their state officers to possess a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice or a related field. In addition, you will have to pass an entrance exam. If you happen to fail this test, you will be allowed to retake it at a later date. You will also have to undergo drug tests and an assortment of psychological exams. If you fail any of these tests, your application will not be processed any further.
State Police Special Units
Many state police departments have specialized units that include state police officers who have specialized training. Examples of these special units include an emergency response team and tactical team. These teams are made up of state troopers who provide support services on short notice to law enforcement agencies around the state. Typically, these teams are available on a 24-hour a day basis.
Emergency Response Teams
Emergency response teams provide crucial assistance to both local and state law enforcement agencies. They help in a variety of situations, including missing persons, special events management, and civil disturbances. The teams are also used for unusual disaster incidents.
Tactical teams, also known as SWAT teams, use limited tools and equipment, and provides assistant for various high-risk situations. They use specialized weapons and equipment to minimize potential danger to both people and property.
The average yearly pay for police emergency response teams is around $37,000 and $40,000 for tactical teams.
State Victim’s Advocate
State victim advocates are professionals employed by the government to work with individuals who have been victims of crimes. They explain applicable police procedures and provide information about available resources to help victims cope with traumatic situations. They strive to reduce the amount of physical and emotional damage to victims, and they provide support as needed. Many state victim advocates attend court proceedings with victims. Some advocates specialize in certain areas, such as sexual assault or abuse. State victim advocates commonly work for correctional facilities, hospitals, and community shelters.
Education and Training
State victim advocates generally need the equivalent of high school diploma, but a lot of employers seek those with a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, psychology, or other related field. Upon hire, new state victim advocates receive training on the job.
The average pay for state victim advocates is around $59,000 per year. Numerous factors, like location, employer, and education, influence salaries of state victim advocates.
Federal Law Enforcement
The members of federal law enforcement have been accredited with a level of recognition and authority that far exceeds those of other civilians. The notion behind this policy is that a sense of peace and preservation of social order will be enforced. In general, the term law enforcement describes a situation in which investigative and close examined measures are ensued in the event of a crime.
Criminal justice is the way in which officers of the law learn how to cope with people who break the law. It is important to understand that law enforcement careers often require members and professionals to make significant sacrifices career wise. For example, legal representatives often have demanding and erratic work schedules, while policemen and correctional officers are issued with orders or tasks that are found to be riskier and often accompanied with some of the highest rates of on the job injuries out of all of the career options available.
Individuals who currently work as administrators for a federal law enforcement agency are tasked with overseeing entire departments. They manage budgets, oversee training of new employees and ongoing training of current officers, approve task forces and special operations, and manage day-to-day activities within a specific field office.
Current college students who wish to obtain employment in federal law enforcement administration should complete a degree in criminal justice. Once all college coursework has been completed, one must enter the law enforcement field at an entry level position and then work up the latter from there.
Federal Law Enforcement Administration Salary and Benefits
The salary of individuals employed as administrators varies greatly and normally depends on the agency with which he or she is employed with.
The majority of federal law enforcement administrators make between $80,000 and $100,000 per year. Some of the benefits include an excellent retirement package, fully paid medical, dental and vision, and a large allotment of vacation time on an annual basis.
ATF Agent Job Description
Special Agents who are employed with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms are tasked with investigating and prosecuting crimes on the federal level that relate directly to alcohol, tobacco and firearms. Special Agents execute search warrants, conduct extensive undercover operations and assist with the prosecution of serious crimes in federal court.
The current minimum qualifications for employment as an ATF Agent is a bachelor’s degree. Individuals will find it most useful to obtain a degree in criminal justice, philosophy or psychology. Once a degree has been completed, potential applicants must pass a stringent background check in order to gain employment with the ATF.
ATF Agent Salary Information
Currently, the starting salary for an ATF Agent is $33,800. This amount can be increased if an individual has special qualifications or is currently working on a specialized task force. Some of the benefits include participation in the federal retirement program, tax-deferred savings and affordable health insurance.
Individuals employed as Customs and Border Protection Officers are tasked with securing the country’s borders at sea ports, airports and ground entrances. Everyday, officers inspect vehicles, luggage and other personal items for drugs, paraphernalia and excessive amounts of money.
Customs and Border Protection Officers deal with a highly diverse group of people. Because of this, potential candidates are expected to have a bachelor’s degree and are highly encouraged to learn a second language.
CBP Officer Salary Information
As of 2011, the salary for an entry-level CBP Officer was between $27,000 and $35,000 per year. This amount varied depending on the location of the officer and any special skill sets that they had obtained during training. Promotion to GS-7 is possible at entry level, which pays between $33,000 and $42,000 per year. Some of the benefits that Customs and Border Protection offers includes participation in the federal retirement program, yearly salary increases and paid vacation.
Individuals working for the Central Intelligence Agency are tasked with gathering pertinent information from overseas sources that directly relates to the safety of the United States and its allies. This information is usually obtained by working undercover, monitoring communication or by maintaining assets.
Becoming a CIA Agent can be a very difficult task. To be properly qualified, potential candidates should have a bachelor’s degree, years of experience in law enforcement and be able to speak at least one other language.
CIA Agent Salary Information
During the initial training period and first overseas assignment, the salary for a CIA Agent is $64,000 per year. This number can increase every year and may vary depending on any special skill sets that an agent has or if the agent is stationed in a highly dangerous location. Because of the nature of the job, agents are provided with a superior benefits package that includes life insurance, fully paid medical and dental, and enrollment in the agency’s retirement program.
Compliance officers work for various companies that must meet strict government regulations. These types of regulations include financial standards, record reporting, health and safety regulations, and environmental regulations. Compliance officers who work for the federal government are tasked with ensuring that companies maintain certain standards that must be met under the law.
Because there are so many different types of compliance officers, individuals with degrees in various backgrounds may be qualified for a job. If you are seeking a career in a specialized field of compliance, it may be best to get a bachelor’s degree in environmental studies or business law.
Compliance Officer Salary Information
The median salary for a compliance officer in 2011 was $53,000. Because compliance officers are employed with a wide variety of companies across the country, benefits often vary greatly. In general, compliance officers can expect to receive a standard health package, retirement perks and paid vacation. Once a compliance officer has received extensive training and has worked for a few years, he or she can expect to make in excess of $65,000 per year.
Crime Lab Analyst
A crime lab analyst collects evidence at crime scenes, transports it back to the crime lab and performs extensive crime lab analysis to determine if there is any information that can be used to assist with the case. Some of the items that may be collected at crime scenes includes fingerprints, bullet casings, blood samples and DNA.
Crime scene analysts who work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation or another federal agency work at field offices with special agents to investigate serious federal crimes.
Individuals who wish to work as crime lab analysts must have a bachelor’s degree in science. If possible, one should obtain a specialty degree in forensic science and analysis.
Crime Lab Analyst Salary Information
The salary range for an entry-level crime scene analyst is between $39,000 and $42,000 per year. An individual working in this field can expect an excellent benefits package, including health benefits, dental benefits, federal retirement and a deferred savings program.
Crime Lab Technician
Crime lab technicians exam evidence that has been retrieved from a crime scene. They use high tech devices to exam fingerprints, bullet casings, blood samples and any other pertinent items that may be useful in solving a crime. Individuals who wish to work as crime lab technicians have the choice of joining a number of different agencies, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the ATF and the United States Marshal’s Office.
Before applying for a job as a crime scene technician, an individual must obtain a bachelor’s degree in forensic science or computer forensics.
Crime Lab Technician Salary Information
Federal crime scene technicians enjoy an excellent perks and salary package. The average salary for a crime scene technician was $56,000 in 2010. Similar to other federal law enforcement employees, crime scene technicians are enrolled in the federal retirement program, deferred savings plan and receive generous discounts on health insurance.
Crime Prevention Specialist
Crime prevention specialists identify, foresee, and evaluate crime risks in specific areas. They then take the essential steps to decrease or remove the risk. Crime prevention specialists commonly work for local law enforcement agencies and they also work with citizens to create prevention tactics to make the area a safer place for all inhabitants. They strive to prevent criminal activity and they teach citizens how to protect themselves.
Crime prevention specialists typically need one to two years of experience working in law enforcement. Some employers require crime prevention specialists to be sworn officers, and others required experience with crime prevention programs in a community setting. Many aspiring crime prevention specialists complete college degrees in criminal justice ore related area. Some gain the Crime Prevention Specialist Certification to stay competitive in the field.
Crime prevention specialists earn a mean pay of approximately $51,000, but wages significantly differ on many aspects, like specific area, industry, and experience.
Crime Scene Investigation
A crime scene hides a labyrinth of clues. Many clues cannot be seen with the naked eye. Other pieces of evidence are visibly present but only if law enforcement personnel knows where to look. In a robbery or homicide there are pieces of evidence that describe how a crime has occurred. Most crime scene evidence is detected by a trained expert known as a crime scene investigator (CSI).
A crime scene investigator knows how to process a crime scene cautiously and methodically. CSI personnel record all pertinent details such as probable locations where evidence such as DNA or latent fingerprints could be found. Crime scene investigators are frequently police officers or individuals that have a criminal justice degree or relevant college coursework.
The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics classifies CSI experts as forensic science technicians and states the average annual salary for individuals employed in this area of the criminal justice system is $51,570 per year.
Criminalists are types of forensic scientists that work to gather, identify, and evaluate physical evidence that is found at the scene of crimes. They conduct laboratory examinations on items, like hair, bodily fluids, clothing fibers, and weapons. Criminalists commonly work with high-tech tools and equipment, such as spectrographs, chromatographs, and specialized computer programs. Some criminalists testify in court proceedings as expert witnesses and provide information about the evidence they tested. Some criminalists specialize in a certain area, such as fingerprinting or analyzing handwriting. A federal prison is an example of a possible work setting for these professionals.
Prospective criminalists must have at least a bachelor’s degree in forensic science, physics, or chemistry. They must also complete courses in statistics and pharmacology. Many criminalists complete doctorate degrees to become more competitive in the field.
Criminalists earn an average wage of about $59,000 per year. Specific location and experience influence pay.
A federal cybercrime agent investigates internet-related crimes. The types of crimes that an agent might come across include child pornography, fraud, cyber terrorism and organized crime. Agents might also work in a crime lab carefully analyzing a computer that was part of a crime scene. These agents are normally employed with the Department of Justice or the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Individuals who wish to gain employment in this field must have a bachelor’s degree in either computer science or computer forensics. Recent graduates also choose to continue their education with a master’s degree before applying for a job.
Cybercrime Agent Salary Information
The salary for a cybercrime agent can vary greatly depending on an individual’s background and agency of employment. In 2010, the salary for an entry level cybercrime agent was between $55,000 and $88,000. An agent’s salary can increase if he or she has any special qualifications.
Individuals who are employed with the Drug Enforcement Administration are highly skilled law enforcement officers. DEA agents are tasked with investigating crimes related to drug trafficking, perform extensive undercover work and serve search warrants on suspected drug manufacturers and distributors. Many DEA agents work in South America or Latin America in conjunction with other governments.
Potential DEA agents must have a bachelor’s degree in business administration, science, criminal justice or psychology. Agents working near the Mexican border are normally required to learn Spanish.
DEA Agent Salary Information
An agent’s salary largely depends on location and classification. An individual with a particular skill set might receive a higher starting salary than a normal agent would, while those working in different countries will most likely receive some type of living stipend.
The average salary for an entry-level agent in 2012 was $49,000 per year.
In today’s fast paced world, many factors cause harm to the environment and natural resources, such as pollution, residential and commercial development, and waste. In result of this fact, the Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) helps protect the environment and natural resources. A DEC agent is a professional who works for the department, and he or she strives to protect the environment and natural resources of a particular area. He or she looks into complaints to identify unlawful activity and detail the responsible individuals. Many DEC agents meet with community groups, schools, and other related groups to discuss abiding by environmental conservation laws and ways to help protect the planet.
In general, a DEC agent must have a bachelor’s degree in an environmental field. Some employers may accept an associate degree if an individual has previous experience.
While salaries differ significantly, a DEC agent can expect to make at least $45,000 per year.
Diplomatic Security Special Agent
A diplomatic security special agents are a type of federal law enforcement consulate who works for both federal and state government departments. He or she looks into visa and passport fraud. The agents also protect the Secretary of State and officials from foreign countries. Many diplomatic security special agents work in other countries where they provide advice to ambassadors regarding security issues.
Diplomatic security special agents must be citizens of the United States and between the ages of 21 and 37. They must have a bachelor’s degree, and foreign language ability is desirable. Upon hire, new diplomatic security special agents must complete an intense six-month training program. They must pass oral and written examination and undergo a background investigation to receive top security clearance. They must also pass a rigorous medical examination and physical fitness tests.
Diplomatic security special agents earn average yearly pay of $61,000.
Director of Airport Security
The Director of Airport Security is tasked with overseeing the entire security network of the airport they work at. They manage the day-to-day operations of the TSA, manage budgets and assist with the investigation of airport security breaches.
Someone who wishes to apply for the Director of Airport Security position should have a bachelor’s degree in public administration, criminal justice or a similar field. Veteran members of the Transportation Security Administration are often considered for this position if they meet the minimum qualifications.
Director of Airport Security Salary Information
Depending on location and experience, a Director of Airport Security can make between $70,000 and $95,000 per year. Individuals working at domestic and regional airports can expect to make around $45,000 per year in this position. Full TSA benefits are available to every director, including retirement, discounts on medical insurance and a deferred savings plan.
Evidence is the key to solving nearly all types of crime, and evidence technicians are responsible for handling various types of evidence. They organize and document items, and also transport the evidence as needed. Some evidence technicians visit crime scenes to collect evidence, like fingerprints, photographs, and clothing fibers. Many evidence technicians testify in court proceedings regarding their findings on evidence. Evidence technicians commonly work in warehouses that store a wide variety of items removed from crime scenes.
Individuals interested in working as an evidence technician must have a minimum of a high school diploma or equivalent. Some employers prefer candidates with a college degree in biology, chemistry, or other related area. New evidence technicians typically receive intensive on-the-job training.
On average, evidence technicians earn annual salaries of about $38,000. However, this number greatly differs on many different factors like specific location, years working in the field, and benefit package.
FBI accountants are forensic accountants who work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation. They look at tax and business records to identify any indiscretions that can affect major cases. They commonly testify as expert witnesses in legal proceedings to share the information gathered from their auditing activities.
FBI accountants typically need at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting, forensic accounting, ore related area, a certification in public accounting, and advanced study in criminal investigation.
FBI accountants earn an average wage of $74,000 per year. Pay differs depending on location, education, and experience. Due to the increase in population, condition of the economy, and rise in criminal activity, FBI accountants are seeing exponential job growth. The harsher federal regulations for financial disclosures also contribute to job growth. As stated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the job growth for FBI accountants is projected to rise approximately 20 percent over the next ten years.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation is the largest federal law enforcement agency in the country. FBI agents are tasked with investigating federal crimes, are involved with counter-terrorism task forces and deal with international drug traffickers. The agency maintains locations throughout the country.
Individuals who wish to begin careers with the Federal Bureau of Investigation are required to have a bachelor’s degree. The FBI heavily recruits on college campuses and within other local law enforcement agencies.
FBI Agent Salary Information
The FBI provides an excellent salary and benefits package to its agents. The average salary for an entry-level FBI agent is $43,000 per year. Individuals who have been with the agency for an extended amount of time can make up to $90,000 per year. Some of the benefits that agents receive include federal retirement benefits, deferred compensation, a comprehensive health insurance package and life insurance.
Federal Air Marshal
Federal air marshals are usually employed by the Transportation Security Administration, and they are responsible for flying on both domestic and international commercial flights to protect passengers and crew from criminal activity. They also monitor actions in airports. They dress in regular clothes to discretely identify and detain suspects of crime. They then question suspects, interview witnesses, obtain warrants, and provide information to other officials. Federal air marshals commonly work by themselves and are usually armed. Many federal air marshals work for other organizations, such as the National Counterterrorism Center or Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Federal air marshals are required to complete a physical fitness program to ensure they are physically able to handle job requirements. They must also complete training at a law enforcement academy.
The mean yearly earnings for federal air marshals is around $128,000, but salaries will vary significantly on many aspects, like location and education.
Federal Protective Services
The federal protective service is the main supplier of security and law enforcement services at United States federal government organizations. It works to protect the sensitive foundation of our nation by making sure federal work environments are safe and secure for employees and visitors. Federal protective services professionals conduct inclusive security evaluations of risks at facilities and they create and employ protective reactions using high-tech tools and equipment. They also direct crime prevention efforts and provide witness protection services.
To work for the federal protective service, individuals must be at least 21 years old, be a citizen of the U.S., and have a valid driver’s license. Additional requirements include passing a physical examination and completing training at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center.
Individuals working for the federal protective services earn average yearly salaries of around $45,000. Exact annual pay differs on a lot of aspects, like location or benefit package.
Fraud investigators are professionals who conduct research, interviews, and other activities to gather information to make sure insurance and other funds are properly and legally allocated. They look into potentially deceitful activity that result in the distribution of funds from insurance firms, the government, or public organizations. They investigate various cases, such as worker’s compensation, welfare, taxes, property damage, and staged accidents. Fraud investigators gather background information about cases and then they set up interviews with the individuals involved. If needed, fraud investigators conduct surveillance work to gather information.
Fraud investigators usually need a college degree in fraud, criminal justice, business, or other related area. Many employers prefer candidates with a bachelor’s degree or higher. Many fraud investigators have previous experience in criminal justice.
Fraud investigators earn a mean yearly wage of about $59,000 per year, but salaries depend on factors like location and experience.
Immigration Officer, FDNS
The U.S. Customs and Immigration Service (USCIS), Office of Fraud Detection and National Security (FDNS) employs FDNS immigration officers. These immigration officers play an essential part in improving the national security of the United States and its legal immigration system. They serve as the primary contact people for any issues related to national security and public safety. They perform many different duties related to detection of fraud and national security. They also act as liaisons between the USCIS, intelligence organizations, and law enforcement agencies to improve government polices and procedures.
FDNS immigration officers must complete a nine-week basic training course with USCIS as well as specific training for the FDNS. They must have excellent judgment and discretion and have the ability to evaluate legal information.
Immigration officers, FDNS, earn a mean annual salary of around $50,000, but this number varies significantly on location, employer, and experience.
Information Security Agent
Protecting sensitive information is an essential practice in nearly all types of entities, from government organizations to academic institutions. Information security agents are responsible for carrying out an organization’s information security policies and procedures. They access sensitive information and make sure it is effectively protected. They provide update to security systems and provide recommendations to the organization. Some information security agents are contracted by entities to perform duties.
Information security agents must have a college degree in information security, information technology, computer science, or related area. They also need excellent know-how and skills on computer operating systems, data communications, and information technology. Many information security agents obtain professional certification to remain competitive in the field. An example of such certification is the Certified Information Systems Security Professional.
Information security agents earn average salaries of around $54,000 per year, with variations depending on exact location, education, and experience.
Park Rangers patrol national parks around the country. They work for the National Park Service, which is a federal agency.
Besides patrolling national parks, they prevent forest fires, educate guests about camping and hiking, issue permits and collect necessary park usage fees.
While potential candidates don’t have to obtain a degree to be qualified for the job, it may give them the experience they need to excel during their career. It is best to get a bachelors degree in botany, forestry or criminal justice.
Park Ranger Salary Information
On average, an entry-level park ranger can expect to make $30,000 per year. On a case-by-case basis, the Park Service may choose to hire someone at an advanced level if they possess a college degree. After two years of service, the salary increases to $47,000 per year. Park Rangers receive a comprehensive retirement package, free medical benefits for them and their families, and a deferred savings program.
Secret Service Agent
The Secret Service is a specialized federal agency that is tasked with protecting a variety of top-level government officials; including the president, the vice president, former presidents and their families, and visiting dignitaries. Secret Service agents may also be tasked with providing security to special political events, if the Department of Homeland Security deems it necessary.
Individuals who wish to apply for the Secret Service agent position should possess a high school diploma and maintain a clean criminal and financial background.
Potential applicants are also encouraged to learn a foreign language and complete a bachelor’s degree in a related subject.
Secret Service Agent Salary Information
The average salary for a Secret Service agent is $77,000 per year. This number includes agents who have passed the foreign language proficiency exam and who receive an annual language bonus. Pay raises are available every year, and many top agents receive an annual salary in excess of $100,000.
TSA agents assist with security at airports across the United States. They do security checks of individuals entering the terminal area, inspect carry-on luggage, guard restricted areas and assist with the flow of traffic throughout the terminals and the rest of the airport. TSA agents also write daily reports about any security problems they encounter.
Individuals who wish to begin careers as TSA agents aren’t required to obtain a bachelor’s degree, although it may be beneficial if they want to be promoted to a supervisory position in the near future.
TSA Agent Salary Information
The salary of a TSA agent can fall anywhere between $46,000 and $55,000 per year. Agents who work in smaller airports generally receive less pay while those who work in international airports can expect to receive a salary that is near the top of the pay scale.
Transportation Security Officer
Transportation security officers work at airports, bus stations, and rail terminals around the country. They inspect passengers, luggage, cargo, packages, and equipment to make sure they do not contain any hazardous or prohibited items. They manually check materials and use specialized x-ray equipment. They also recognize possible security risks by carefully observing passengers as they travel through the airport or related facility. Transportation security officers commonly use metal detectors, x-ray machines, and devices that detect explosives.
Transportation security officers must have at least a high school diploma or equivalent. Some positions require individuals to have a minimum of one year security-related job experience.
Transportation security officers commonly earn an average of $30,000 annually, depending on specific location, education, and work experience. The Bureau of Labor Statistics expects the job growth for this profession to be faster than average over the next decade. The constant need to protect airports and other travel facilities in increasing.
U.S. Capitol Police
The U.S. Capitol police patrols areas around Washington, D.C. and guards government offices and buildings. While securing public buildings, they check bags for weapons and explosives, provide directions to tourists, enforce federal laws and provide backup for other area law enforcement agencies.
Individuals who wish to gain employment with the U.S. Capitol Police must have a high school diploma. A clean background is also needed with no prior felony convictions, no drug use and no pending criminal charges.
While a bachelor’s degree is not required, it may be beneficial during the application process because there are always a large amount of candidates applying for a limited number of positions.
U.S. Capitol Police Salary Information
The U.S. Capitol Police offers an attractive salary and benefits package to its entire workforce. Recruits begin earning right when they enter the academy and the starting salary for new graduates is $57,000 per year.
U.S. Coast Guard
The United States Coast Guard is tasked with protecting the oceans and waters surrounding the United States. Some of the situations that the coast guard deals with on a daily basis include intercepting potential drug smugglers, terrorism threats and sea rescues. Individuals who are interested in a career with the United States Coast Guard should expect to face difficult tasks that involve life threatening situations on a daily basis.
People who want to work for the U.S. Coast Guard do not need a degree, however, obtaining a bachelor’s degree in a specialized area will guarantee recruits higher pay and fast advancement through the ranks.
U.S. Coast Guard Salary Information
The U.S. Coast Guard offers an excellent salary and benefits package to its recruits. Starting pay for enlisted men is $15,000, with incremental increases once a year. Individuals working for the coast guard also receive monthly food and housing allowances, depending on where they live.
U.S. Customs Agent
U.S. customs agents work for the Treasury Department of the United States government. They enforce all importing and exporting laws and regulations and investigate any potential criminal activity. U.S. customs agents perform searches, investigate criminal activity, and make arrests. They search various articles arriving from other countries, such as luggage, shipments, vehicles, aircraft, and individuals. They ensure that no item contains contraband or illegal substances. They also look into customs fraud, money laundering, smuggling of drugs, and pornography. Some U.S. customs agents work undercover.
U.S. customs agents are required to be at least 21 years old and complete a four-year college degree. New agents must complete a 14-week training program and pass physical and written tests. They must also pass a criminal background check and drug tests.
The average U.S. customs agent salaries are around $64,000 annually, but exact pay depends on many characteristics, like location, education, and benefits.
U.S. Marshals perform a specialized service for the United States Justice Department. They oversee the transfer of dangerous inmates, search for and capture wanted criminals, protect federal assets and protect judges.
Individuals who wish to begin careers with the United States Marshals Service must have a bachelor’s degree. Many U.S. Marshals have been recruited from other local and federal law enforcement agencies. In addition to a bachelor’s degree, candidates are encouraged to learn a foreign language before applying for the service.
U.S. Marshal Salary Information
Like many other federal agencies, U.S. Marshals enjoy a superior salary and benefits package. Most entry-level U.S. Marshals make $99,000 per year, with many individuals making up to $129,000 per year after extensive experience in the field. Because of the dangerous nature of the job, a comprehensive life insurance and medical insurance package is offered to every employee of the agency.
A victim’s advocate offers support to victims of domestic abuse and sexual assault. Advocates for victims work with police and emergency service personnel to assist victims in obtaining medical help, to make decisions about their personal safety and to press charges against those responsible for the crime. A victim frequently feels more comfortable talking to someone other than an officer immediately after a crime is committed.
A victim’s advocate works the local authorities so that the victim understands his or her rights and where to seek help. Advocates can also be present throughout the judicial process and would accompany the victim if he or she is required to testify at trial.
An entry level role of a social and human service assistant earns approximately $28,200 annually according to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Bureau of Labor Statistics states the upper end of this salary would earn approximately $42,480 and requires a licensed clinical social worker to fill this position.