Here is a list of the Best Security and Resilience Certificates. If you are interested in this career follow along!
One of the newest and fastest-growing sectors of security is resilience studies. In an era where critical systems are breaking down, resilience and sustainability are crucial. When it comes to resilience and sustainability, the ability of a population, a business, or an environment to succeed and thrive in spite of the obstacles offers insight that everyone can learn from.
When these concepts are taught as part of a Security and Resilience degree or certification program, students learn many valuable tools that will help them work through almost any obstacle they face throughout their careers. The ability to adapt easily when situations begin to change is the key to resilience. Being able to maintain growth and productivity while changes are taking place is the benchmark of sustainability. Putting both together will give you everything you need to move forward with confidence, knowing you are on the right track.
How We Ranked the Best Security and Resilience Certification Programs
Criminal Justice Degree Hub editors have a commitment to bringing prospective security students the most trustworthy information. That’s why our ranking os the best security and resilience certificate programs focuses on accredited, reputable institutions. Programs are ranked by factors like price, alumni salary, and reputation, using IPEDS and Niche data.
The University of Pennsylvania (Penn) Weitzman School of Design offers Resilience training certification with its Certificate in Urban Resilience that is available on-campus. Classes for the University of Pennsylvania’s resilience certification includes topics in theory and design, urban resilience studio, post-carbon futures, ecology tech & design, risk analysis & environmental management, architectures of refusal, water policy/planning, social justice seminar, agent-based modeling, and topics in digital media, simulated natures, to name a few. This certificate from Penn in resilience prepares students to use interdisciplinary design techniques while embracing uncertainty as the capacity of communities and individuals.
Benjamin Franklin originally founded the =University of Pennsylvania in 1740. The university’s campus is the City of Brotherly Love, serves more than 21,900 students. The University of Pennsylvania is recognized among the nine colonial colleges established prior to the Declaration of Independence.
Program: Urban Resilience Certificate
2. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University – Blacksburg, VA
Virginia Polytechnic Institute & the State University (Virginia Tech) Graduate School offers a Disaster Resilience and Risk Management (DRRM) Certificate that intersects the fields of business, social science, public policy, and engineering. Virginia Tech’s resilience certification expects certificate candidates to complete the program in 24 months or less. The resilience training certification offered by Virginia Tech includes coursework in principles of disaster risk management, geological engineering, homeland security-Response & Recovery, natural hazards mitigation, economic development planning, and infrastructure asset management, among others.
Virginia Tech was established as a mechanical and agricultural college in 1872. The school’s college-town campus in Blacksburg is home to more than 36,300 students, being the 2nd largest in the state in terms of enrollment. Virginia Tech holds the distinction of being a space-grant, sea-grant, land-grant, and senior military higher learning institution.
3. The Stevens Institute of Technology – Hoboken, NJ
The Stevens Institute of Technology (SIT) School of Systems and Enterprises (SEE) offers a resilience training certification – Urban Resilience Certification – that is available on-campus or online. Classes for this Stevens institute of Technology certificate include – the nature of urban design, urban oceanography, data analysis, and modeling/visualization of complex systems, to name a few. Additionally, the resilience certificate offered by SIT can be incorporated into a master’s degree offered by the school, with pre-approval. The School of Systems and Enterprises designs programs to help working learners excel in their chosen careers.
The Stevens Institute of Technology (Stevens) was established in 1870. SIT’s campus covers more than 50 acres of the highest point in Hoboken, New Jersey overlooking Manhattan. More than 6,000 students attend classes – primarily STEM related, by Stevens Institute of Technology. The school is named to honor the original benefactor that founded SIT.
Program: Urban Resilience Certificate
Format: Online or Campus
4. North Carolina State University – Raleigh, NC
North Carolina State University (NC State) College of Design offers a Disaster Resilient Policy, Engineering, and Design Graduate Certificate with academic clusters from which to choose – Policy, Construction, Civil & Environmental Engineering, or Design. NC State’s resilience training certification includes coursework that prepares the next generations of leaders and professionals seeking to mitigate disaster losses to communities. Core classes for this Resilience Certification program include natural hazards, disasters & Climate change adaption, a survey of natural hazards and disasters, disaster-resilient policy, engineering, and design, plus a number of electives from the chosen academic track’s curriculum.
North Carolina State University (NC State) was chartered in 1887 as the result of the Morrill Land Act. In addition, North Carolina State University is a space-grant and sea-grant higher learning institution with a student enrollment that exceeds 36,100 students. NC State, along with Duke, UNC Chapel Hill creates what is known as the research triangle.
5. Rutgers University-New Brunswick, Newark & Camden, NJ
Rutgers University (Rutgers) Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy (plus a number of other disciplines) offers am MSF – the National Science Foundation sanctioned Coastal Climate Risk and Resilience Graduate Certificate. Rutger’s Resilience Certification program explores solutions to the vulnerable coastal areas and its existing populations to climate change. Classes for this resilience training certification program include communicating science to decision-makers, climate change risk analysis, transdisciplinary perspectives on climate risk for coasts, and studio on coastal climate risk and resilience, plus a host of electives to meet the student’s personal interests.
Rutgers University was established in 1887. The university operates three primary campuses throughout the state and is a space-grant, land-grant, and sea-grant school with nearly 69,000 students attending classes online and on-campus. Rutgers University is recognized as one of the nation’s oldest higher learning institutions and the state college of the Garden State.
6. The University of Iowa (UI – Iowa City, IA
The University of Iowa (Iowa) College of Liberal Arts and Sciences offers one of the state’s on-campus options of earning a Resilience and Trauma-Informed Perspectives Certificate. The University of Iowa Resilience Certification program requires a minimum of a 2.0 GPA through a total of 18 semester credits. Classes included in Iowa’s resilience training certification program include understanding trauma and resilience, trauma across the lifespan, child welfare policy, grief work with families/individuals, injury and violence protections, intro to behavioral neuroscience, and culture and healing for future health professions, among others.
The University of Iowa (Iowa) was established in 1847 and is the flagship school of the state. In addition, Iowa is a space-grant school with an urban campus in Iowa City that serves nearly 33,000 students. The University of Iowa holds the distinction of being the oldest higher learning institution in the state of Iowa.
7. The University of Connecticut – Storrs, CT
The University of Connecticut (UConn) offers a resilience training certification program with its Sustainable Environmental Planning and Management Graduate Certificate that can be completed entirely online. The University of Connecticut’s Resilience Certification program includes twelve semester credits and core coursework in environmental planning for sustainable communities & regions, sustainable natural resources management, geospatial data processing, and communications for environmental decision makers, to name a few. Credits earned through this graduate certificate program can be applied towards a graduate or doctoral-level degree.
The University of Connecticut (UConn) was established under the Morrill Land Act in 1881. Additionally, the University of Connecticut is a space-grant and sea-grant school that is the state’s flagship campus. The school’s college-town campus serves more than 32,100 students, including the UConn Health system. UConn is recognized as one of the nation’s public ivy league institutions of higher education.
8. Northeastern University – Boston, MA
Northeastern University (Northeastern) College of Social Sciences and Humanities/Department of Political Science offers an on-campus Security and Resilience Studies (SRS) Graduate Certificate that prepares students to manage contemporary disasters and risks for vulnerable areas and populations. Northeastern’s resilience training certification program requires degree candidates to complete twelve-semester credits with a minimum of GPA required. Northeastern University’s Resilience Certification program includes coursework in criminology, resilient cities, cyberconflict, counterterrorism, and special topics in public policy and urban affairs.
Northeastern University was established as a private institution of higher education in 1898. Northeastern operates its primary campus in Beantown, but also maintains many other academic facilities across the country and the world. The student enrollment for Northeastern exceeds 27,100 students. Northeastern University is world-known for its wildly successful cooperative program that allows students to earn competitive salaries interning in the field they are studying.
9. The University of Colorado Denver – Denver, CO
The University of Colorado (UC Denver) School of Public Affairs offers a resilience certification program with its Disasters, Hazards, and Emergency Management Graduate Certificate program that can be completed on-campus in Denver, or completely online. Students enrolled in UC Denver’s resilience training certification program must complete twelve semester credits, typically finished in about one year. Coursework for UC Denver’s resilience certification program includes public policies for hazards/disasters, disasters and climate change, principles of emergency management, and public service in emergency management and homeland security, to name a few.
The University of Colorado (UC Denver) was established in 1912 as a research higher learning institution. UC Denver is a member school of the UC system that maintains two campuses in Denver and in Aurora. The school’s student enrollment exceeds 24,500 students. The University of Colorado’s medical system serves more than ½ million patients annually.
Format: Online or Campus
10. George Mason University – Arlington, VA, and Various Virginia Locations
George Mason University (Mason) Volgenau School of Engineering/Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering offers an Engineering Resilience Enterprise Systems (ERES) Graduate Certificate that is available on-campus. This resilience certification program offered by George Mason University includes math requirements of calculus I, II, and Analytic Geometry, plus Probability and Statistics, to name a few. Degree candidates enrolled in Mason’s resilience training certification program is available on a part-time basis and requires the completion of 12 to 15 semester credits, depending on the exact academic track selected.
George Mason University was founded in 1949. The school’s campuses serve more than 38,100 students, with two professionals in economics having won the Nobel Memorial Prize in 1986 and 2002. George Mason University, by student enrollment, is not the largest of higher learning institutions in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
11. Tulane University – New Orleans, LA
Tulane University (Tulane) School of Public Health & Tropical Medicine/Department of Global Environmental Health Sciences offers one of the nation’s best resilience training certification programs with its on-campus Disaster Management and Disaster Management and Resilience Certification. Tulane’s Certificate in Disaster Management and Resilience are required to complete classes in population issues in disaster management, immunizations, forensics, community resilience, disaster & emergency communication, and psychosocial aspects of disasters, among others. Programs offered through Tulane’s School of Public Health are CEPH accredited.
Tulane University (Tulane) was established in 1834 as a medical college. The university’s New Orleans campus covers more than 100 urban acres and serves more than 13,900 students. Alumni include twelve Louisiana governors. Tulane University is recognized as one of the oldest of all AAU university members & a member school of the Consortium of Universities for Global Health.
Program: Disaster Management and Resilience
12. The University of Idaho – Moscow, ID
The University of Idaho (UIdaho) Department of Engineering/Graduate School offers a Critical Infrastructure Graduate Resilience Certification (CIRGC) that is available on the school’s Moscow campus. UIdaho’s resilience training certification program requires the completion of 15 semester credits in classes that include risk assessment, homeland security, special topics in critical infrastructures, advanced information assurance concepts, digital process control, applied security concepts, network forensics and computers, distributed processing, control systems, resilient control of critical infrastructure, and nuclear rules & regulations, to name a few.
The University of Idaho was established under the Morrill Land Grant Act in 1889. The university is also a space-grant higher learning institution with more than 11,200 undergraduate and graduate degree students. The University of Idaho holds the distinction of having the largest higher learning institution campus in the state.
Program: Critical Infrastructure Resilience Graduate Certificate
13. The University of Vermont – Burlington, VT
The University of Vermont (UVM) College of Agriculture and Life Sciences/Community Development and Applied Economics offers one of New England’s best resilience training certification program that is available on the school’s Burlington campus. UVM’s resilience certification program requires the completion of 18 semester credits. Degree candidates can also opt to participate in a resilience training certificate can do so with experiential learning through practicums or internships.
The University of Vermont was established as the result of the Morrill Land Grant Act in 1791. In addition to being a land-grant school, the University of Vermont is a sea-grant and space-grant higher learning institution that serves more than 10,100 students. The University of Vermont is recognized as one of the oldest schools in New England and one of the original public ivy league universities.
Program: Community Resilience and Planning Graduate Certificate
14.The Citadel – Charlestown, SC
The Citadel, which is also known as the Military College of South Carolina (Citadel) Health And Health Performance Division, offers a resilience training certification program with its Tactical Performance and Resiliency Graduate Certificate that can be completed entirely online. Students enrolled in the Citadel’s resilience certification program must complete twelve semester credits in classes that include tactical strength and conditions, strength and condition, psychological resiliency for tactical athletes, human performance & coaching, to name a few. The Citadel was named by US News as the best veteran’s college in the southern US. Other Citadel requirements include principled leadership, darkness to light training, and certification in first aid and CPR.
The Citadel was established in 1842, with a motto of Honor, Duty, Respect. The Citadel’s campus in Charlestown serves more than 3,400 cadets and non-cadets. The Citadel holds the distinction of being one of only six senior colleges dedicated to training military officers.
Program: Tactical Performance and Resiliency Graduate Certificate
15. The University of New Orleans – New Orleans, LA
The University of New Orleans (UNO) offers a resilience training certification program with its Disaster Management and Community Resilience Certificate program that is available on-campus. The University of New Orleans’s resilience certification program requires students to complete twelve credit hours in classes that include disaster policy and administration, sociology of disasters, environmental planning, citizen participation, urban public policy analysis, and planning for hazards, among others. Students are taught from faculty involved in the current planning and policymaking of natural disasters and resilience.
The University of New Orleans (UNO) was founded in 1956. The University of New Orleans is a member school of the state’s university system. The university’s urban campus in New Orleans is home to more than 7,800 students on its 175+ acre campus. The University of New Orleans is organized into four colleges/schools in liberal arts, business, education, engineering, and sciences.
Program: Disaster Management and Community Resilience Certificate
16. The University of Alaska Fairbanks – College, AK
The University of Alaska Fairbanks (UA Fairbanks) offers one of the state’s best resilience training certification programs that are only available on the university’s campus. The University of Alaska Fairbanks’ resilience certification program requires certificate candidates to finish twelve graduate credits in classes that include an ecological background for resilience and adaption, anthropologic background for resilience and adaptation, and two resilience seminars, plus seven credits of elective courses. Applicants to this graduate certificate program in resilience training must hold a baccalaureate degree from an accredited institution of higher education.
The University of Alaska Fairbanks was founded under the Morrill Land Act in 1917 and is the state’s flagship institution of higher education. The University of Alaska Fairbanks is also a sea-grant and space-grant higher learning institution with a student enrollment that exceeds 8,200 undergraduate and graduate students. The University of Alaska Fairbanks operates several academic facilities in Bethel, Nome, and Fairbanks.
Program: Resilience and Adaptation Studies Graduate Certificate
17. The University of Hawaii at Manoa – Manoa, HI
The University of Hawaii (UH Manoa) offers a resilience training certification program with its hybrid-delivered Sustainability and Resilience Education Graduate Certificate. UH Manoa’s resilience certification program is completed in 1.5 years, on average, and requires the completion of fifteen graduate credit units. Classes for the University of Hawaii at Manoa’s resilience training certification program includes science and science curriculum, literacy across the disciplines, seminar in place-based education, plus a graduate certificate capstone project to meet program requirements.
The University of Hawaii at Manoa was chartered under the Morrill Land Actin 1907. UH is also a member school of the state’s university system and serves more than 12,700 students from its urban campus that covers more than 300 acres. The University of Hawaii at Manoa is the flagship campus that stands at the eastern portion of the Manoa Valley.
Program: Sustainability and Resilience Education Graduate Certificate
18. Eastern Kentucky University – Richmond, KY
Eastern Kentucky University (EKU) offers one of the state’s most affordable and best resilience training certification programs with its Emergency Management and Disaster Resilience Certificate program that can be completed entirely online. The total semester credits required to meet graduate criteria is twelve credit hours, of which Eastern Kentucky University accepts no transfer credits for this program. Eastern Kentucky University’s resilience certification program prepares students for careers as safety managers, emergency services directors, hurricane program managers, emergency response team leaders, or disaster recovery manager, to name a few. Eastern Kentucky University offers tuition discounts to military members and is considered a military-friendly school.
Eastern Kentucky University was founded in 1874, which eventually morphed to a teacher’s training college. Eastern Kentucky University operates multiple campuses throughout the state of Kentucky, with its main campus in Richmond. US News recognizes Eastern Kentucky University among the top 30 regional public schools in the southern U.S.
Program: Emergency Management and Disaster Resilience Certificate
19. Liberty University – Lynchburg, VA
Liberty University (Liberty) School of Behavioral Sciences Degree offers one of the most affordable resilience training certification programs with its Military Resilience Graduate Certificate that can be completed entirely online in about six months. Liberty University’s resilience certification program includes classes in topics like resilient marriage and family, crisis and first responder training, multicultural counseling – counseling women, military career and community transition, advanced military mental and behavior health, advanced resilience for leaders and caregivers, to name a few. Liberty University’s online classes are offered in eight-week sets.
Liberty University was founded as a Baptist college in 1971. Liberty was founded as a bible college by Elmer Towns and Jerry Falwell Sr. The school’s student population exceeds 100,000 when considering the tremendous online student body Liberty University maintains. Liberty University is a conservative Christian school that requires students to adhere to the Liberty Code – a code of strict ethics of no cheating, no sex, and no smoking, among other prohibitions.
Program: Military Resilience Graduate Certificate
20. Lipscomb University – Nashville, TN
Lipscomb University (Lipscomb) offers one of the state’s most affordable and best resilience training certification programs with its Urban Resilience Graduate Certificate program that is now only available on-campus. Students enrolled in Lipscomb University’s graduate resilience certification program are required to complete nine graduate semester hours in coursework that includes negotiation & settlement processes, society, environment & change, water management for resilience and sustainability, and urban planning for sustainability and resilience, to name a few. This program from Lipscomb University is designed for professionals interested in improving city life for work, play, and school.
Lipscomb University (Lipscomb) was founded in 1891 and is affiliated with Churches of Christ. The school operates two suburban locations in Nashville and Franklin and Cool Springs, TN. More than 2,800 students attend classes on the school’s 80+ acre campuses. US News recognizes Lipscomb University among the top twenty regional universities in the southern United States.
Program: Urban Resilience Graduate Certificate
21. Eastern Mennonite University – Harrisonburg, PA
Eastern Mennonite University (EMU) Division of Online and Distance learning offers a resilience certification program that is among the state’s best Trauma and Resilience Certificate programs that can be completed entirely online. Eastern Mennonite University’s resilience training certification program requires the completion of 15 semester credits over an average of twelve months of study. Classes for Eastern Mennonite University’s online graduate certificate in resilience training include sale care and resilience for educational environments, research in risk and resilience, the neurobiology of trauma, resilience, and well-being and restorative discipline, to name a few.
Eastern Mennonite University (EMU) was founded by the Mennonite Church in 1917. This private four-year higher learning institution was developed to meet the needs of working learners. More than 1,500 students attend classes offered by Eastern Mennonite University. Eastern Mennonite University is recognized as a leader in faith-based institutions of higher education.
Program: Trauma and Resilience Certificate
22. Thomas Jefferson University – Philadelphia, PA
Thomas Jefferson University (TJU) offers one of the country’s only resilience training certification programs with its Design of Resilience Communities Graduate Certificate that can be completed 100% online. Thomas Jefferson University’s resilience certification program requires certificate candidates to complete twelve graduate semester credits to meet program requirements. This program can be attended to as a full-time or part-time student and include classes in principles of design, adaptive and resilient design, resilient communities, and sustainable systems for resilient landscapes. TJU’s resilience certification program is designated as a STEM program.
Thomas Jefferson University was established as a private higher learning institution in 1824. The university’s 100 acre campus in Philadelphia serves more than 7,700 students vying for the more than 150 undergraduate and graduate degrees Thomas Jefferson University offers. Thomas Jefferson University is the result of a merger of TJU and Philadelphia University.
Program: Design of Resilience Communities Graduate Certificate
23. Wilmington University – New Castle, DE
Wilmington University (Wilmington) College of Social and Behavioral Sciences offers one of the state’s resilience training certification programs that are either available as an on-campus program or a distance learning delivered program. Students graduate from Wilmington University’s resilience certification program and enter the workforce in law enforcement, human service specialists, educators, or health care professionals, to name a few. Wilmington University also offers dual certificate options that can be added to the schools’ 15 semester credit resilience certificate program. Core curriculum classes include resilience and self-care, leadership in trauma, and trauma & the brain. Concentrations include education, social /behavioral sciences, or health professions.
Wilmington University was founded in 1968 by a local educator. The school’s main campus in New Castle serves more than 20,100 students with an academic/administrative staff that nears 1,500 workers. Wilmington University operates multiple campuses in several states, Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey, that offer more than 100 academic degrees at various levels.
Program: Trauma and Resilience Graduate Certificate
Format: Online or Campus
24. Antioch University – New England
Antioch University (AU) Department of Environmental Studies and Sustainability offers one of the nation’s best resilience training certification programs with its Climate Resilience Professional Certificate program that can be completed entirely online. Antioch University’s resilience certification program requires students to complete nine graduate semester credits that are generally completed in about 2 to 3 semesters. Classes for Antioch University’s resilience certificate program include climate impacts, climate justice, and equitable adaptation, business resilience, and climate response – costs and financing, to name a few. This program offers start dates in each available semester.
Antioch University was founded in 1852 as a private college by famed educator Horace Mann. The school operates an online program plus a graduate school of leadership and change. The school’s campuses are located in several states, including New Hampshire, Ohio, Washington, and California.
Program: Climate Resilience Professional Certificate
25. Assumption University – Worcester, MA
Assumption University School of Graduate Studies/Human Services and Rehabilitation Studies Department offers one of the state’s resilience training certification programs that is delivered with a hybrid blended delivery method. Assumption university’s resilience certification program includes classes in resonant leadership & supervision, the theoretical foundations of resiliency building, mindfulness-based interventions, building resilience after trauma, positive psychology – a strengths-based approach, and the practice of self-compassion in resiliency, to name a few. Certificate candidates must complete six courses for a total of eighteen semester credits to meet the program’s requirements.
Assumption University was established in 1904 as a private college. The school’s suburban location in mid-Massachusetts serves more than 2,300 students from the 175+ acre campus. Assumption University maintains a religious affiliation with the Assumptionist Church.
Program: Resiliency in the Helping Professions Certificate
Who Can Use a Certificate in Security and Resilience?
Emergency management professionals, policymakers, and other public officials will benefit greatly from earning a certificate in Security and Resilience. With the constant advancements in technology, it is important to understand what can be done to protect confidential information as it is being sent from one location to another. These certificates provide valuable insights into what steps can be taken to secure internet connections and make sure they are sustainable. The goal is to continually provide protection against cyber threats, attacks, and any other cyber anomalies that can negatively affect sensitive information. Sustainability and resilience go hand in hand when it comes to keeping your information secure.
Certificates in Security and Resilience enable individuals to understand what types of activity can compromise their information, both stored and in transition. Emergency management professionals who are constantly relaying highly sensitive and confidential information can use their certificates to improve the security of their system and continually monitor the system for potential breaches. This constant supervision allows subtle changes to be easily identified and their level of risk evaluated. This ensures that any disruptions are caught in the earliest stages.
Earning a certificate in Security and Resilience offers valuable resources to those who attend the course. After earning the certificate, the holder will be able to better identify and protect their systems from phishing, hacking, cyber-attacks, and any other suspicious activities that take place over the internet. These risks can range from mild to severe. Those that are on the more severe end of the spectrum can cause irreparable damage to a business or government operation. Earning a certificate in Security and Resilience provides you with the tools you will need to protect valuable information.
How Is Resilience Related to Sustainability?
The relationship between resilience and sustainability is easy to explain if you understand how the internet works. Earning a degree in security and resilience teaches how the two are different and why each one is significant on its own. Resilience involves adapting to the constant changes in technology and understanding how and when to implement new security protocols to prevent cyberattacks and data breaches from damaging your network and affecting how your system functions.
Sustainability involves maintaining your network and sustaining the highest level of security so that all of your information and operations remain as secure as possible. A degree in Security and Resilience offers you the tools you need to implement new security protocols that reduce your risk of being hacked or falling prey to a cyberattack. The goal of sustainability is to keep your system functioning as efficiently as possible at all times.
The primary difference between resiliency and sustainability is that resiliency involves adapting to change and implementing the necessary steps that may need to be taken to recover your system if a breach does occur. Resiliency involves continually working to strengthen a network and working to find solutions to issues as they occur, while sustainability involves maintaining a secure network and continually working to minimize any potential risk that may arise over time. Together, the two go hand in hand in maintaining a secure and protected network.
What Is Urban Resilience and Why Is It Important?
Urban resilience is the term used to identify the ability of urban inhabitants to sustain their lifestyle in spite of any obstacles, stress, or fluctuations. They are able to easily adapt and transform any situation into one that is productive and sustainable. Degrees in Security and Resilience use these concepts to help students become better problem solvers. After they graduate, they will be able to identify potential problems that will affect sustainability and begin to make changes to prevent any disruptions.
The concepts behind urban sustainability and resilience can be incorporated into how you manage your business as well. When dealing with cyber attacks and other types of internet disruptions, sustaining a viable network is the goal. Understanding the need for resiliency will allow you to adapt as change occurs and also take preventive measures to reduce your overall risk of a data breach or the loss of vital information through hacking or phishing.